About Diabetes

Facts About Diabetes

What is blood sugar?

When you eat, some part of the food breaks down into sugar. There are many types of sugars that are formed but one of these sugars is glucose – the brain and body’s main source of fuel. The cells require sugar to give us energy for our daily activities and functioning. There is a reserve supply of sugar in the liver.

What is insulin?

When the level of sugar increases in the bloodstream after meals, the pancreas senses it and in response makes insulin. This Insulin enters the bloodstream and helps take sugar from the bloodstream into the body’s cells where sugar is used up by the cell for its requirements. So Insulin basically acts as a “key” that opens the cell for sugar.

How do sugar and insulin work together?

In order to function properly, the body needs a healthy balance of sugar and insulin. Normally, the pancreas senses the amount of sugar in the bloodstream and releases the right amount of insulin.

Diabetes Statistics2

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there were around 29 million people with diabetes in 2012. Out of these, around 21 million were diagnosed and the rest are undiagnosed.

Roughly 12.3% (28.9 million) of all the people in the age group of 20 years and above in the US have diabetes and this figure goes up to 25.9% (11.2 million) for people above 65 years old.

Out of the total population with diabetes in the age group of 20 years or older, around 15.5 million are men and 13.4 million are women.

Some 208,000 people aged 20 years or younger have diagnosed diabetes (type 1 or type 2), which represents 0.25% of all people in this age group.

Studies suggest that type 2 diabetes, although still rare, is being diagnosed more frequently, particularly in American Indians/Alaska Natives, African Americans, and Hispanic/Latino Americans.